Chardonnay is perhaps the most famous and well-known international grape variety in the world. According to some researchers, it has Middle Eastern roots, while others believe it originated from a spontaneous cross-breeding in ancient Illyria. Its great ability to adapt to the climate and soil have allowed it to spread from its adopted homeland of Burgundy, to the countries that have their own winemaking traditions: New Zealand, Israel, Australia, California, Chile, Argentina and, last but not least, Italy, where splendid examples can be found in the regions of Valle d'Aosta, Sicily, Piedmont, Trentino South Tyrol, Veneto and Tuscany. It has apple, peach, lemon and mineral hints when it is produced in cold areas, whereas pineapple and tropical fruit hints can be tasted in warmer areas. The wine is fresher when vinified in stainless steel, while softer, buttery and full-bodied when vinified in wood. This is a single grape variety with an infinite range of styles.